Knowing how to patent an idea, product, invention, modification to a process, design, and plant are all relatively the same. This is what the USPTO leads people to believe. For the most part it is true, but not in all cases.
The first step to take, no matter what it is you want to patent, must be a patent search. This is to make sure your idea or what you want to have protection of a patent of is not already protected by someone else who came up with it first. This can be done at the USPTO website. To learn more about this step visit https://charlicockett.wordpress.com/.
The data base covers every patent that has been filed with the USPTO since 1790. This data base is separated into two different sections from 1790 to 1975 and from 1976 to the present day. The reason for doing a complete search is so you will not waste your time reinventing something that has already been invented.
Some inventors ask why they should search the entire data base if a patent is only good for up to 20 years. The PTO will not issue a patent on any idea that has been covered before, even if it is over 100 years since the patent has expired.
Not all covered items are used or put in production. You might think your idea is unique but checking makes sure of it. Then, on to the step of submitting all the requirements including pictures, detailed plans, and a written description of the idea or thing you want patented. You can find detailed information on https://cooke07dolan.wordpress.com/.
When you are done, then it is time to wait. The USPTO can take up to 2 years before approving or denying your patent. This is the short version on how to patent an object or idea.